If you want to learn about rugby or simply have a few notions of the basics of this team sport, we have put together some rugby rules that you will need to remember concerning the terrain, the duration of a rugby match, the equipment. rugby players as well as the course of the rugby match in general.
The standards for the field and the ball
In rugby, the pitch is a rectangle-shaped surface that is made up of several main sectors. There is the playing field, the playing area consisting of the touch and goal lines, the playing enclosure, the end zone and the 22 meters. For the playing area, which is the part in which the rugby match will take place, it has a maximum length of 100 m and a width that does not exceed 70 m.
On either side of this area is the in-goal in which the rugby player scores tries. Each goal is 22m long and 70m wide at most. At the end of this area is the dead ball line. In addition, in the center of each goal line are placed posts with a height of 8 m which are separated from each other by a distance of 5.60 m. They support a transverse bar raised 3 m from the ground.
For the ball, which is an essential element in the game of rugby, it is oval and consists of 4 panels weighing a total of 410 to 460 g . It has a large axle measuring approximately 280 to 300 mm long. In addition, a rugby ball conforms to the standards with a circumference of 740-770mm and a small diameter of about 581-620mm. Whether it is a game of 15 or 7-a-side rugby, this size of the rugby field and the dimensions of the ball remain unchanged.
The composition of the team and the refereeing body
A single rugby player will obviously not be able to form a rugby team. To form this group, 15 players will be needed at the start of the game , from the kick-off of rugby. However, this number may change during the match. The substitutes on the front line are 2 in number while at the other positions, there may be 5 substitutes on the bench. According to the rules in rugby, a complete team is made up of players in the front row of rugby, in the second row, in the third row, in scrum half, in opening half, in crosses, in wingers and in back. They each have a specific role depending on their location.
In addition, in order to manage the match and ensure compliance with standards, an arbitration body made up of a referee, 2 touch judges, an assistant referee and a substitute referee is added to the players. It is the organizer of the match who appoints the referee who will analyze the match facts.
However, if the responsible entity has not made the designation or if the designated person cannot finish the match, it is up to the 2 teams who will compete to designate him following a mutual agreement. As for his functions, he will have to take care of the timing, guarantee the application of the regulations, give sanctions if necessary, note the score, manage the players and the substitutes and decide if the doctors and the coaches can enter. the surface of the rugby field or not.
The duration of the rugby match
The time for a rugby match is usually 80 minutes . The 1 st part of the last 40 minutes match. It is the same for the 2nd game session. The duration of the half-time is 10 minutes. As soon as there is an interruption for any reason, the chrono is stopped. In the event of an extension in rugby, the regulation time will be added by 2 x 10 minutes. However, in the case of a meeting between the Under-19s and the Under-17s, the duration of the rugby match is shortened by 2 x 35 minutes with a half-time of 5 minutes.
According to the standards imposed in rugby as in any other team sport, the player must imperatively wear a rugby jersey , shorts, underwear, high socks as well as studded shoes. However, to this basic equipment can be added materials that will ensure the safety of the practitioner such as a mouthguard, a shin protector and an ankle protector or even a helmet.
Since rugby is a discipline with a lot of clashes, the use of these supplements can be really essential. It is not allowed to bring sharp, abrasive and bloodstained objects on the ground under penalty of being strongly sanctioned. It is also forbidden to wear jewelry, buckles and rings to avoid incidents.
Scoring, offside and forward
You should know that if a player scores a try, his team wins 5 points . This same point is also awarded to him for a penalty while a transformation goal is worth 2 points. When the team scores a goal on penalty, it gets 3 points and for a goal on a dropped kick, it gets 3 points. Obviously, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins the game.
In addition, during the game, we speak of offside in rugby if a player places himself in front of his ally in possession of the ball or if he does not respect the 10 m rule. If a player makes a forward hand pass i.e. throws the ball towards the opponent’s dead ball line, then he commits a forward pass. In this case, the ball will therefore be returned to the opponent by the referee. A forward occurs when the player loses the ball which continues to run or if he cannot recover the ball before it touches the ground or another participant.
The start of the game and the scenarios during the match
To mark the start of the match, a first signal called kick-off is given by the referee. This blow is also given on the restart after the 10-minute half-time. If a team has gained points or has touched a goal, a return kick is taken to restart the game.
In addition, we speak of a tackle if the player carrying the ball is tackled to the ground by his opponent called the tackle . However, the ball is said to be on the ground if it ends up on the ground without a tackle having taken place. In this case, each team can therefore stand around the ball and make contact to make an open or spontaneous scrum or even Ruck. An action called Maul or casserole can also take place in the field. In this case, the ball carrier, supported by his teammates, advances and is opposed by a direct opponent. It is also necessary that all the players are on their feet.
Another scenario is the volley stoppage in rugby. Here, the player receives the ball kicked by an opponent by standing on or behind the 22m line. He will then have to shout “mark” once the ball has been acquired.
Resumption of play
When the ball crosses or grazes the touchline, the referee whistles a touch. Thus, a player running on the limit is considered to be outside the playing area. It is up to the team benefiting from the throw-in in rugby to choose the number of players it wishes to involve in the throw. The opponent will therefore have to line up the same number of players on the field. In order for the game to restart quickly and fairly, this alignment must be done. You then need aligned players, a ball thrower and his opponent as well as a receiver. For other players not affected by the throw-in, they will position themselves 10 m from the line of throw-in.
Also in this perspective of a throw-in, there is also an orderly scrum between 8 players from each team. The latter come into contact by placing themselves on 3 well-defined lines, the median of which must be at least 5 m from the goal line.
The penalty and the try
If a team commits an offside or an irregular tackle on its opponent , the referee then calls a penalty and the group having suffered the fault may attempt to score this penalty in rugby in order to gain points. In addition, to score a try, an attacker must make a touchdown behind the goal line. The ball must be flat on the ground and held in the hands.