Boxers, throwers, footballers or cyclists, undergo pressing demands in all fields, such as supporters, sponsors or the mass media.
One reason which explains why, in order to do them honor, some athletes opt for doping. A risk which undoubtedly leads to a definitive elimination from all competitions. Discover the 5 cyclists who were excluded because of doping.
Who are the 5 cyclists to have doped?
Cycling and doping have always gone hand in hand since the end of the 19th century. Doping during the Tour de France has become very frequent in recent years, which explains why many cyclists are involved in this kind of business. Thus in 1999, the World Anti-Doping Agency was born.
In 1998, the famous Festina team created a buzz in the world of doping cycling. Having undergone a procedural examination by customs officials, several stimulants and narcotics were seen with the group’s healer. With this in mind, some participants were withdrawn from the competition and others excluded for a period of time.
A year later, Lance Armstrong , a famous cyclist, tested positive for corticosteroids but was protected by a medical certificate. After Seven Titles, he recognizes his actions, has the privilege of his success taken away and is forever eliminated from all sports tournaments.
Then came the Belgian cyclist Frank Vandenbroucke who was suspended for six months in 2002. The cause? He broke the law by consuming doping substances.
Finally, and not the least popular, is the Puerto affair which is triggered in Spain some time before the start of the Tour de France 2006. During the competition, nine cyclists were eliminated for use of doping product. And among them are Alberto Contador and Jan Ullrich.
What is doping?
Doping is defined by taking an energetic substance to improve oneself. Certain doping systems are boycotted in the sports world. There are those who are accused of material doping such as putting an engine on their road bikes . Others involve taking testosterone, growth hormone, insulin, cocaine or amphetamine.
What are the main causes and effects of doping?
Fatigue often forces athletes to go against various doping methods to boost themselves. With this in mind, the doping products most used in sport are caffeine-based tonics. Another example of doping is a narcotic made from a natural doping substance such as marijuana.
However, you should know that the effect of doping can seriously affect the health of people who take these substances. Several diseases such as kidney failure, dementia attacks and schizophrenia can also appear.